Periodontal disease, also known as gum disease, is quite common in America, accounting for roughly ¾ of adult tooth loss. Simply put, periodontal disease is a form of decay. With any type of decay, if it is left ignored, it will get more and more severe until in this case, your tooth completely falls out on its own. This would be a very painful process.
The cause of almost all gum disease cases is bacteria. Our mouth is loaded with a lot of bacteria that find their way in between the gaps of our teeth. Not all bacteria are bad; in fact it is considered healthy to have a balance. However, when too much bacteria offset this balance, then we begin to see plaque buildup that leads to Periodontitis and Gingivitis.
In short, gum disease is caused by a lack of dental home care hygiene. Routine brushing and flossing practices may effectively manage this bacterium.
When at home treatments have not provided results, then you must turn to your family dentist for assistance.
If the first approach procedures have not provided relief or if your gum disease is at a point where swift action is needed, then you may be considered to a specialist for various oral surgery procedures.